The Haíɫzaqv (Heiltsuk) are the main descendants of Hailhzaqvla-speaking peoples who inhabited an area of approximately 6000 sq. miles in the central coast region of what is today known as British Columbia.
Haíɫzaqv (Heiltsuk) Nation
The Haíɫzaqv (Heiltsuk) territory encompasses many inlets, islands, rivers, and mountains, containing old growth forest and dense undergrowth.
The Haíɫzaqv traditional territory extends from the southern tip of Calvert Island, up Dean and Burke Channels as far as Kimsquit and the head of Dean Inlet to the northeast, and up the Mathieson and Finlayson Channels to the north. It includes Roscoe, Cousins and Spiller Inlets, and Ellerslie Lake, and the outer coast regions of Milbanke Sound, Queens Sound, and the Goose Island Group and Calvert.
Historically, the Haíɫzaqv (Heiltsuk) inhabited over 50 major villages across their territory with the main community located at ‘Qélc village on Campbell Island, close to the Hudson’s Bay trading post of Fort McLaughlin.
While the Haíɫzaqv (Heiltsuk) called this village ‘Qélc, it is thought European settlers referred to it by its geographical name Pélbála which eventually gave rise to the modern English name Bella Bella.