The name Gitanyow means “People of Many Numbers” and their traditional territory covers roughly 1.7 million hectares of Northwestern British Columbia.
Traditionally, the Gitanyow had a single winter village located north of the euchelon oil trade routes to the Nass River. This gave the Nation a unique position along the trade routes with the modern-day village of Gitanyow occupying the same location.
The traditional village of Gitanyow was formerly known as Kitwancool. The Nation changed its name from Kitwancool to Gitanyow in 1991 and following a special resolution in 1994, the Hereditary Chiefs also changed the geographical name to Gitanyow.